Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 100m north of Great Botley Copse

A Scheduled Monument in Shalbourne, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.3416 / 51°20'29"N

Longitude: -1.5797 / 1°34'46"W

OS Eastings: 429371.490232

OS Northings: 160358.831512

OS Grid: SU293603

Mapcode National: GBR 5ZK.X09

Mapcode Global: VHC24.KJQX

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 100m north of Great Botley Copse

Scheduled Date: 8 August 1957

Last Amended: 27 September 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012301

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12219

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Shalbourne

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire


The monument includes a bowl barrow set on a gentle west-facing slope. The
barrow mound was originally circular but now has an irregular shape
measuring 31m from north to south and 11m east to west. It stands to a
maximum height of 1m. Surrounding the barrow mound is a ditch from which
material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is no
longer visible at ground level and survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.
The site has been partially excavated, finds included a cremation burial in
an urn.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite evidence for partial excavation of the Great Botley Copse barrow,
and disturbance to the structure of the monument by cultivation and
vehicular access, much of it remains intact and therefore has significant
potential for the recovery of archaeological remains.

Source: Historic England


Wilts SMR, (SU26SE 600),

Source: Historic England

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