Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 300m south west of Underwood

A Scheduled Monument in Bewcastle, Cumbria

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Latitude: 55.0897 / 55°5'22"N

Longitude: -2.6958 / 2°41'44"W

OS Eastings: 355687.577581

OS Northings: 577468.170966

OS Grid: NY556774

Mapcode National: GBR 99ML.59

Mapcode Global: WH7Z7.KBHJ

Entry Name: Round cairn 300m south west of Underwood

Scheduled Date: 16 May 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015727

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27752

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Bewcastle

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Bewcastle St Cuthbert

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a round cairn located on flat ground 300m south west of
Underwood. It includes an irregularly shaped flat topped mound of largely
grass and tree covered stones up to 1.3m high, with maximum dimensions of 29m
east-west by 25m north-south.
A low stone wall and a fence on the cairn's east and west sides respectively
are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features
is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite some minor disturbance to the top of the monument, the round cairn
300m south west of Underwood survives in fair condition. It will contain
undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old
landsurface beneath.

Source: Historic England


SMR No. 55, Cumbria SMR, Underwood, (1985)

Source: Historic England

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