Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Saxon barrow 40m south east of Oxford Lodge

A Scheduled Monument in Chesterton, Oxfordshire

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Latitude: 51.8953 / 51°53'43"N

Longitude: -1.2259 / 1°13'33"W

OS Eastings: 453361.671347

OS Northings: 222142.392294

OS Grid: SP533221

Mapcode National: GBR 8XF.2W2

Mapcode Global: VHCX2.PMRF

Entry Name: Saxon barrow 40m south east of Oxford Lodge

Scheduled Date: 13 August 1973

Last Amended: 4 March 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015553

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28165

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Chesterton

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Chesterton

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes an Anglo-Saxon burial mound, known as a hlaew, situated
south east of Oxford Lodge, immediately east of the A43(T) road.
Despite the west quadrant of the barrow having been removed to bedrock by
excavation prior to road widening in 1974, the barrow mound survives as a
clearly visible earthwork measuring up to 20m in diameter (north to south) and
standing up to c.2m high. The barrow mound originally stood c.2.5m high but
has been partly landscaped on the west side to improve road visibility. There
was no indication that it ever had a quarry ditch.
Excluded from the scheduled area is the boundary fence between the road
carriageway and the field in which the barrow lies, although the ground
beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A hlaew is a burial monument of Anglo-Saxon or Viking date and comprising a
hemispherical mound of earth and redeposited bedrock constructed over a
primary burial or burials. These were usually inhumations, buried in a grave
cut into the subsoil beneath the mound, but cremations placed on the old
ground surface beneath the mound have also been found. Hlaews may occur
in pairs or in small groups; a few have accompanying flat graves. Constructed
during the pagan Saxon and Viking periods for individuals of high rank, they
served as visible and ostentatious markers of their social position. Some
were associated with territorial claims and appear to have been specifically
located to mark boundaries. They often contain objects which give information
on the range of technological skill and trading contacts of the period. Only
between 50 and 60 hlaews have been positively identified in England. As a
rare monument class all positively identified examples are considered worthy
of preservation.

The hlaew south east of Oxford Lodge survives as a fine example of its class.
The three quarters of the monument which survived road widening will contain
archaeological and environmental remains relating to its construction and the
landscape on which it was built.

Source: Historic England


PRN 5125, C.A.O., Mound East of Oxford Lodge, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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