Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Fulford cross, 200m south west of the barracks

A Scheduled Monument in Fishergate, York

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 53.9437 / 53°56'37"N

Longitude: -1.0741 / 1°4'26"W

OS Eastings: 460868.835297

OS Northings: 450130.401657

OS Grid: SE608501

Mapcode National: GBR NQYV.71

Mapcode Global: WHFC9.G4QJ

Entry Name: Fulford cross, 200m south west of the barracks

Scheduled Date: 17 April 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015539

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26618

County: York

Electoral Ward/Division: Fishergate

Built-Up Area: York

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Fulford St Oswald

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a medieval cross at Fulford, which is situated on the
west side of Fulford Road, south west of the barracks.
The cross, which is listed Grade II, dates from c.1484. It includes the lower
portion of the cross shaft, which is octagonal in section and survives to a
height of 1m. This is set into an octagonal base measuring 0.75m high, which
itself is set upon a tier of three stone steps, all octagonal in shape. These
measure 0.1m at the lowest ground level, 0.3m high for the second tier and
0.2m high for the third, upon which the cross base is set.
The paved surface which surrounds the monument and the low brick wall which
partly surrounds the monument on its north, west and south sides are excluded
from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A standing cross is a free standing upright structure, usually of stone,
mostly erected during the medieval period (mid 10th to mid 16th centuries AD).
Standing crosses served a variety of functions. In churchyards they served as
stations for outdoor processions, particularly in the observance of Palm
Sunday. Elsewhere, standing crosses were used within settlements as places for
preaching, public proclamation and penance, as well as defining rights of
sanctuary. Standing crosses were also employed to mark boundaries between
parishes, property, or settlements. A few crosses were erected to commemorate
battles. Some crosses were linked to particular saints, whose support and
protection their presence would have helped to invoke. Crosses in market
places may have helped to validate transactions. After the Reformation, some
crosses continued in use as foci for municipal or borough ceremonies, for
example as places for official proclamations and announcements; some were the
scenes of games or recreational activity.
Standing crosses were distributed throughout England and are thought to have
numbered in excess of 12,000. However, their survival since the Reformation
has been variable, being much affected by local conditions, attitudes and
religious sentiment. In particular, many cross-heads were destroyed by
iconoclasts during the 16th and 17th centuries. Less than 2,000 medieval
standing crosses, with or without cross-heads, are now thought to exist. The
oldest and most basic form of standing cross is the monolith, a stone shaft
often set directly in the ground without a base. The most common form is the
stepped cross, in which the shaft is set in a socket stone and raised upon a
flight of steps; this type of cross remained current from the 11th to 12th
centuries until after the Reformation. Where the cross-head survives it may
take a variety of forms, from a lantern-like structure to a crucifix; the more
elaborate examples date from the 15th century. Much less common than stepped
crosses are spire-shaped crosses, often composed of three or four receding
stages with elaborate architectural decoration and/or sculptured figures; the
most famous of these include the Eleanor crosses, erected by Edward I at the
stopping places of the funeral cortege of his wife, who died in 1290. Also
uncommon are the preaching crosses which were built in public places from the
13th century, typically in the cemeteries of religious communities and
cathedrals, market places and wide thoroughfares; they include a stepped base,
buttresses supporting a vaulted canopy, in turn carrying either a shaft and
head or a pinnacled spire. Standing crosses contribute significantly to our
understanding of medieval customs, both secular and religious, and to our
knowledge of medieval parishes and settlement patterns. All crosses which
survive as standing monuments, especially those which stand in or near their
original location, are considered worthy of protection.

The cross is thought to be in its original position and, although somewhat
weathered and missing its head, nevertheless survives in good condition and is
an important historical feature of Fulford village.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Monument 33, R.C.H.M., (1971)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.