Ancient Monuments

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Anglo-Saxon burial mound 450m north west of University Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Lew, Oxfordshire

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Latitude: 51.7548 / 51°45'17"N

Longitude: -1.5393 / 1°32'21"W

OS Eastings: 431895.849755

OS Northings: 206337.641188

OS Grid: SP318063

Mapcode National: GBR 6VX.TY9

Mapcode Global: VHC07.85L2

Entry Name: Anglo-Saxon burial mound 450m north west of University Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 October 1960

Last Amended: 19 November 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015323

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28150

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Lew

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Bampton with Clanfield

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes an Anglo-Saxon hlaew or burial mound, situated 450m
north west of University Farm, west of the village of Lew. The barrow lies on
a small round hill and is visible from all directions.
The mound measures 30m in diameter and stands up to 2.8m high. It is
constructed of stone, collected from the local area, and turf. Its profile is
now slightly irregular due to limited disturbance by burrowing animals and
natural erosion over time. There is no evidence of a ditch around the mound
itself; this is a common feature of hlaews in the county. The 1830 edition of
the Ordnance Survey map shows that the small ditched enclosure in which the
barrow stands was then known as Barrow Grove.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A hlaew is a burial monument of Anglo-Saxon or Viking date and comprising a
hemispherical mound of earth and redeposited bedrock constructed over a
primary burial or burials. These were usually inhumations, buried in a grave
cut into the subsoil beneath the mound, but cremations placed on the old
ground surface beneath the mound have also been found. Hlaews may occur
in pairs or in small groups; a few have accompanying flat graves. Constructed
during the pagan Saxon and Viking periods for individuals of high rank, they
served as visible and ostentatious markers of their social position. Some
were associated with territorial claims and appear to have been specifically
located to mark boundaries. They often contain objects which give information
on the range of technological skill and trading contacts of the period. Only
between 50 and 60 hlaews have been positively identified in England. As a
rare monument class all positively identified examples are considered worthy
of preservation.

The Anglo-Saxon burial mound 450m north west of University Farm is one
of a small group of prominent Saxon burial mounds within the Cotswolds. It it
not believed to have been excavated and will therefore contain archaeological
and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in
which it was built. It is a prominent landscape feature on a public footpath.

Source: Historic England


PRN 2577, C.A.O., LEW MOUND, (1993)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series
Source Date: 1980
SP 30 NW

Source: Historic England

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