Ancient Monuments

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Broomrigg I: standing stone in Broomrigg Plantation, 920m south east of Street House

A Scheduled Monument in Ainstable, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.8117 / 54°48'42"N

Longitude: -2.705 / 2°42'17"W

OS Eastings: 354788.687502

OS Northings: 546547.687502

OS Grid: NY547465

Mapcode National: GBR 9DKS.5X

Mapcode Global: WH80L.FB42

Entry Name: Broomrigg I: standing stone in Broomrigg Plantation, 920m south east of Street House

Scheduled Date: 26 May 1960

Last Amended: 20 March 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015277

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27741

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Ainstable

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Ainstable St Michael

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument includes a standing stone, now fallen, known as Broomrigg I. It
is located in Broomrigg Plantation and includes a roughly rectangular boulder
measuring 2m east-west by 1.6m north-south and 1m high.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates
ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few
excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs,
ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often
conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can
be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round
barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included
stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth
containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds.
Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones,
which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and
ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways,
territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show
they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual
monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and
domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing
stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant
examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in
Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds.
Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high
longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late
Neolithic and Bronze Age. Consequently all undisturbed standing stones and
those which represent the main range of types and locations would normally be
considered to be of national importance.

Despite having fallen, Broomrigg I standing stone is a good example of this
class of monument. It is one of a number of prehistoric monuments within
Broomrigg Plantation including small and large stone circles, burial cairns,
hut circles and standing stones, and thus indicates the importance of this
area in prehistoric times and the diversity of monument classes to be found
here. It will contribute to any study of the function of standing stones and
other spatially associated monuments in the area.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
FMW Report, Crow,J., Stone Circles in Broomrigg Plantation, (1982)

Source: Historic England

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