Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Two cup marked rocks 40m north of track from New Dam to Black Hill Road at centre of group of carved rocks at High Green, Skyreholme

A Scheduled Monument in Appletreewick, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.0588 / 54°3'31"N

Longitude: -1.8885 / 1°53'18"W

OS Eastings: 407396.688766

OS Northings: 462547.808712

OS Grid: SE073625

Mapcode National: GBR HP7H.YS

Mapcode Global: WHB6X.Y7WR

Entry Name: Two cup marked rocks 40m north of track from New Dam to Black Hill Road at centre of group of carved rocks at High Green, Skyreholme

Scheduled Date: 18 November 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015103

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29136

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Appletreewick

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire


The monument includes two carved gritstone rocks, situated at High Green,
Skyreholme. They are north of the track from New Dam to Black Hill Road, at
the centre of a group of carved rocks.
One carved rock is at the north edge of a narrow terrace, in the walling of a
prehistoric enclosure. It is at the north side of the track, about halfway
between two bends. It is at ground level at the south, protrudes 0.9m from
the terrace at the north, and measures 1.4m x 1.3m. The carving consists of
three to four cups.
The second carved rock is near the edge of the terrace and is partly covered
in vegetation. The visible part measures 1.09m x 1.6m x 0.5m. The carving
consists of 13 cups.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carvings on these rocks survive well and form an important part of the
prehistoric landscape of the Skyreholme area. This example is one of several
outliers from the denser concentrations of carved rocks on moorland north of
the River Wharfe, further to the south east.

Source: Historic England

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