Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Rock with at least 14 cup marks 26m north of track from New Dam to Black Hill Road at east end of group of carved rocks on High Green, Skyreholme

A Scheduled Monument in Appletreewick, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.0593 / 54°3'33"N

Longitude: -1.8868 / 1°53'12"W

OS Eastings: 407509.707846

OS Northings: 462600.588486

OS Grid: SE075626

Mapcode National: GBR HP8H.BL

Mapcode Global: WHB6X.Z7QD

Entry Name: Rock with at least 14 cup marks 26m north of track from New Dam to Black Hill Road at east end of group of carved rocks on High Green, Skyreholme

Scheduled Date: 18 November 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015102

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29135

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Appletreewick

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire


The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, 1.7m x 0.8m x 0.2m. It is
situated at Skyreholme, on High Green, c.26m north of a bend in the track from
New Dam to Black Hill Road. It is in a stretch of prehistoric enclosure
walling, at the north edge of a narrow terrace. The carving consists of 14 to
16 cups.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms an important part of the
prehistoric landscape of the Skyreholme area. This example is one of a group
of outliers from the denser concentrations of carved rocks north of the River
Wharfe, further to the south east.

Source: Historic England

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