Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Carved rock on bank of How Beck, east of path from West Morton to Riddlesden and 440m south west of Barn House Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Keighley, Bradford

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Latitude: 53.878 / 53°52'40"N

Longitude: -1.8698 / 1°52'11"W

OS Eastings: 408653.908204

OS Northings: 442428.366092

OS Grid: SE086424

Mapcode National: GBR HRCL.ZL

Mapcode Global: WHC8V.7SVF

Entry Name: Carved rock on bank of How Beck, east of path from West Morton to Riddlesden and 440m south west of Barn House Farm

Scheduled Date: 31 January 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015095

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29126

County: Bradford

Civil Parish: Keighley

Built-Up Area: Keighley

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Morton St Luke

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, mostly covered by brambles and
ivy. The visible part measures 1.4m by 1.2m by 0.8m. It is situated on the
east bank of How Beck, east of the footpath from West Morton to Riddlesden. It
is on the upstream side of a sharp bend in the beck, near a point where the
path veers away from the other side of the beck.
The carving consists of seven cups, one with part of a ring, two joined by a
faint short groove, and two long grooves.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 1 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms an important part of the
prehistoric landscape of the Aire valley where several outlying examples from
the main concentration of carved rocks on Rombalds Moor are located.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Hedges, J D (ed), The Carved Rocks on Rombalds Moor, (1986), 45

Source: Historic England

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