Ancient Monuments

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Split and hewn cup-marked rock north of a wall junction on Rivock

A Scheduled Monument in Keighley, Bradford

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.8943 / 53°53'39"N

Longitude: -1.8787 / 1°52'43"W

OS Eastings: 408067.428651

OS Northings: 444237.72381

OS Grid: SE080442

Mapcode National: GBR HRBD.2R

Mapcode Global: WHC8V.3CNY

Entry Name: Split and hewn cup-marked rock north of a wall junction on Rivock

Scheduled Date: 25 January 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010821

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25268

County: Bradford

Civil Parish: Keighley

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Riddlesden St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

This monument includes a gritstone rock which has been split in two and partly
removed, situated north of a wall junction on Rivock. The overall size of the
rock is 4.6m by 2.8m by 0.76m, and the part which bears the carving measures
1.4m from the end of the rock to the crack.
The carving is on the eastern portion of the rock and consists of two shallow
cups.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rombalds Moor is an eastern outlier of the main Pennine range lying between
the valleys of the Wharfe and the Aire. The bulk of this area of 90 sq km of
rough moorland lies over 200m above sea level. The moor is particularly rich
in remains of prehistoric activity. The most numerous relics are the rock
carvings which can be found on many of the boulders and outcrops scattered
across the moor. Burial monuments, stone circles and a range of enclosed
settlements are also known.
Prehistoric rock carving is found on rock outcrops in several parts of upland
Britain with one of the densest concentrations on Rombalds Moor. The most
common form of decoration is the `cup and ring' mark in which expanses of
small cup-like hollows, which may be surrounded by one or more `rings', are
pecked into the surface of the rock. Other shapes and patterns, including some
dominated by grooves or lines, are also known. Carvings may occur singly or in
small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They are believed
to date to the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (c.2800-500 BC) and
provide one of our most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact
meaning of the designs remains unknown, but they have been interpreted as
sacred or religious symbols. Frequently they are found close to contemporary
burial monuments. All positively identified prehistoric rock carving sites
exhibiting a significant group of designs have been identified as nationally
important.

The carvings on this rock survive well and will contribute to an understanding
of the wider grouping of carved rocks. Although the rock has been split, the
portion with the carving is too large to remove and remains a fixture in this
position.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Hedges, J D (ed), The Carved Rocks on Rombalds Moor, (1986), 77

Source: Historic England

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