Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cup marked rock in wall east of Scarnber Wood, 500m north east of Bark Laithe, Winterburn

A Scheduled Monument in Flasby with Winterburn, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.0112 / 54°0'40"N

Longitude: -2.091 / 2°5'27"W

OS Eastings: 394130.773636

OS Northings: 457248.976739

OS Grid: SD941572

Mapcode National: GBR FQV1.3V

Mapcode Global: WHB70.VFGS

Entry Name: Cup marked rock in wall east of Scarnber Wood, 500m north east of Bark Laithe, Winterburn

Scheduled Date: 30 August 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015094

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29146

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Flasby with Winterburn

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Gargrave St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, built into a field wall. The
visible part measures 0.7m x 0.5m x 0.8m. It is situated east of Scarnber Wood
at Winterburn, 34m west of the field corner. It is a conspicuous gritstone
rock in a limestone wall.
The carving consists of at least seven cups.
The wall above and to the sides of the carved rock is excluded from the
scheduling, but the ground beneath the wall is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms an important part of the
prehistoric landscape of the Winterburn area, being one of two outliers from
the main concentration of carved rocks further to the east and south east.

Source: Historic England

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