Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Scale Hill round cairn

A Scheduled Monument in Rylstone, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.0078 / 54°0'28"N

Longitude: -2.0459 / 2°2'45"W

OS Eastings: 397087.901344

OS Northings: 456870.181679

OS Grid: SD970568

Mapcode National: GBR GQ43.V1

Mapcode Global: WHB71.JJZC

Entry Name: Scale Hill round cairn

Scheduled Date: 12 January 1972

Last Amended: 3 August 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010451

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24501

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Rylstone

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire


The monument is in a low lying position near Scale House farmyard. It
includes a turf covered cairn 1.5m high and 14m in diameter and a slight
surrounding ditch 1.3m wide. The monument was excavated by Canon Greenwell in

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Although the cairn has been partially disturbed by excavation, it remains,
on the whole, well preserved, retaining more archaeological remains.

Source: Historic England

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