Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cup and grooved marked rock in tree line between New Close Quarry and Poppling Well Beck, 280m south west of Whitbeck Manor

A Scheduled Monument in Askwith, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 53.9324 / 53°55'56"N

Longitude: -1.7598 / 1°45'35"W

OS Eastings: 415866.59587

OS Northings: 448503.500369

OS Grid: SE158485

Mapcode National: GBR JQ4Z.S2

Mapcode Global: WHC8P.YF55

Entry Name: Cup and grooved marked rock in tree line between New Close Quarry and Poppling Well Beck, 280m south west of Whitbeck Manor

Scheduled Date: 30 August 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015088

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29140

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Askwith

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Weston All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, partly obscured by tree roots.
The visible part measures 0.46m x 0.3m x 0.1m. It is situated near Askwith, in
the roots of a felled tree, on an old hedge line running from Poppling Well
Beck towards New Close Quarry. It is c.72m north along the hedge line from the
field wall near the quarry.
The carving consists of eight to ten cups and some short, narrow grooves.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms an important part of the
prehistoric landscape of the Askwith area. The rock is an outlier from the
nearby major concentrations of carved rocks on moorland north of the River

Source: Historic England

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