Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 240m east of The Penning

A Scheduled Monument in Steeple Langford, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.145 / 51°8'41"N

Longitude: -1.9278 / 1°55'40"W

OS Eastings: 405144.327881

OS Northings: 138416.780723

OS Grid: SU051384

Mapcode National: GBR 3YY.5DW

Mapcode Global: VHB5G.JHP3

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 240m east of The Penning

Scheduled Date: 2 June 1956

Last Amended: 30 August 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015025

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28932

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Steeple Langford

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Middle Wylye Valley

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located 240m east of The Penning, north
east of Steeple Langford and situated on a broad ridge above the Wylye Valley.
The barrow mound is visible as a concentration of chalk 24m in diameter, 0.4m
high and is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during its
construction. This has become infilled over the years and survives as a buried
feature 2m wide giving the barrow an overall diameter of 28m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite being reduced by ploughing, the bowl barrow located east of The
Penning will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence
relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

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