Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cup and ring marked rock in wall at High Snaygill 80m east of High Laithe

A Scheduled Monument in Skipton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 53.9453 / 53°56'43"N

Longitude: -2.0088 / 2°0'31"W

OS Eastings: 399515.878355

OS Northings: 449913.759439

OS Grid: SD995499

Mapcode National: GBR GQDT.WG

Mapcode Global: WHB7G.33P8

Entry Name: Cup and ring marked rock in wall at High Snaygill 80m east of High Laithe

Scheduled Date: 30 August 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014981

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29111

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Skipton

Built-Up Area: Skipton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire


The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, 0.45m by 0.7m. As it is set
vertically in a wall, the thickness cannot be measured. It is situated at High
Snaygill, east of High Laithe, in a wall between two fields, at the top of an
old quarry face. It is 7.5m west of a wall junction. An accurate National Grid
Reference is SD 99520 49914. This is not the rock's original position, but it
is not thought to have been moved far.
The carving consists of three cups, one of which has one complete ring and a
part ring.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carvings on this rock survive well and although not in its original
position the rock is thought not to have been moved far. It is one of a number
of carved rocks in the Skipton area and will contribute to their study.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Hedges, J D (ed), The Carved Rocks on Rombalds Moor, (1986), 53

Source: Historic England

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