Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Carved rock on bank at side of track opposite Garth House, 60m south west of Snaygill Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Skipton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 53.9436 / 53°56'36"N

Longitude: -2.0106 / 2°0'38"W

OS Eastings: 399397.741716

OS Northings: 449721.643861

OS Grid: SD993497

Mapcode National: GBR GQDV.H2

Mapcode Global: WHB7G.24TL

Entry Name: Carved rock on bank at side of track opposite Garth House, 60m south west of Snaygill Farm

Scheduled Date: 30 August 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014980

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29110

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Skipton

Built-Up Area: Skipton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Cononley St John the Evangelist

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, 1.2m by 1.6m by 0.5m. It is
situated at Snaygill, at the side of a track, in a grassy bank, opposite Garth
House. It is 4.7m away from Garth House, and 1.2m along the housewall if
measured from the south east corner of the house. An accurate National Grid
Reference is SD 99399 49729. This is not the rock's original position, but it
is not thought to have been moved far.
The carving consists of around eleven cups, a circle of nine very small cups
at the north end of the rock, and a groove running approximately north-south.
Another groove on the rock is probably natural.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 1 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carvings on this rock survive well and are numerous and unusual in their
layout and while not in its original position, the rock is thought not to have
been moved far. It is one of a number of carved rocks in the Skipton area and
will contribute to their study.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Hedges, J D (ed), The Carved Rocks on Rombalds Moor, (1986), 53

Source: Historic England

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