Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Medieval shieling and enclosure 330m south west of Langlee

A Scheduled Monument in Ilderton, Northumberland

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 55.5011 / 55°30'4"N

Longitude: -2.0606 / 2°3'38"W

OS Eastings: 396269.957561

OS Northings: 623039.353222

OS Grid: NT962230

Mapcode National: GBR G41T.PT

Mapcode Global: WH9ZP.BZ0N

Entry Name: Medieval shieling and enclosure 330m south west of Langlee

Scheduled Date: 27 August 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014927

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29304

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Ilderton

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Ilderton St Michael

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes a medieval shieling surrounded by an enclosure in the
steep valley of the Harthope Burn. It is situated on an elevated ridge, called
The Shank, between the Harthope and Leech Burns with good views up and down
the valley. The enclosure is sub-oval in shape and measures internally 27m
east-west by 30m north-south. It consists of an earth and stone bank 3m wide
and up to 0.7m high with internal and external kerb stones visible in places.
There are two possible entrances: on the south east and the west sides, each
2m wide. The enclosure is divided by a bank of earth and stone 1.5m wide and
up to 0.2m high. In the south east corner of the enclosure lies a shieling 11m
long by 6m wide; it is subdivided by an internal wall into two unequal size
rooms. Attached to the north east end is a third room, 3m square. The walls
are spread up to 1.5m wide and stand 0.2m high. The enclosure has very slight
indications of scooping on the north side which may indicate the enclosure is
located on the site of an earlier Roman period native settlement.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Shielings are small seasonally occupied huts which were built to provide
shelter for herdsmen who tended animals grazing summer pasture on upland or
marshland. These huts reflect a system called transhumance, whereby stock was
moved in spring from lowland pasture around the permanently occupied farms to
communal upland grazing during the warmer summer months. Settlement patterns
reflecting transhumance are known from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC)
onwards. However, the construction of herdsmen's huts in a form distinctive
from the normal dwelling houses of farms, only appears from the early medieval
period onwards (from AD 450), when the practice of transhumance is also known
from documentary sources and, notably, place-name studies. Their construction
appears to cease at the end of the 16th century. Shielings vary in size but
are commonly small and may occur singly or in groups. They have a simple sub-
rectangular or ovoid plan normally defined by drystone walling, although
occasional turf-built structures are known, and the huts are sometimes
surrounded by a ditch. Most examples have a single undivided interior but two
roomed examples are known. Some examples have adjacent ancillary structures,
such as pens, and may be associated with a midden. Some are also contained
within a small ovoid enclosure. Shielings are reasonably common in the uplands
but frequently represent the only evidence for medieval settlement and farming
practice here. Those examples which survive well and which help illustrate
medieval land use in an area are considered to be nationally important.

The medieval shieling and enclosure south west of Langlee are reasonably well
preserved and will retain significant archaeological deposits. It is part of a
wider group of shielings found in the northern Cheviots built in similar
locations, on slightly raised ground adjacent to water.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
NT 92 SE 32,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.