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Roman period native scooped enclosure, 930m north east of Langlee

A Scheduled Monument in Ilderton, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.5081 / 55°30'29"N

Longitude: -2.0448 / 2°2'41"W

OS Eastings: 397266.286044

OS Northings: 623816.678391

OS Grid: NT972238

Mapcode National: GBR G45R.39

Mapcode Global: WH9ZP.KTH8

Entry Name: Roman period native scooped enclosure, 930m north east of Langlee

Scheduled Date: 16 January 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016139

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29323

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Ilderton

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Ilderton St Michael

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes the remains of a Roman period native enclosure situated
on a gently sloping shelf of land above the steeper slopes of the Harthope
Burn valley. There are wide views to the north, down the valley. The
enclosure, approximately 32m by 24m, is roughly pear-shaped and formed of
banks of earth and stone up to 3m wide and 0.5m high. On its south east side
the enclosure is scooped into the hillside to a maximum depth of 1m. In the
vicinity are the slight remains of cairns but their extent is unknown and they
are not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

In Cumbria and Northumberland several distinctive types of native settlements
dating to the Roman period have been identified. The majority were small, non-
defensive, enclosed homesteads or farms. In many areas they were of stone
construction, although in the coastal lowlands timber-built variants were also
common. In much of Northumberland, especially in the Cheviots, the enclosures
were curvilinear in form. Further south a rectangular form was more common.
Elsewhere, especially near the Scottish border, another type occurs where the
settlement enclosure was `scooped' into the hillslope. Frequently the
enclosures reveal a regularity and similarity of internal layout. The standard
layout included one or more stone round-houses situated towards the rear of
the enclosure, facing the single entranceway. In front of the houses were
pathways and small enclosed yards. Homesteads normally had only one or two
houses, but larger enclosures could contain as many as six. At some sites the
settlement appears to have grown, often with houses spilling out of the main
enclosure and clustered around it. At these sites up to 30 houses may be
found. In the Cumbrian uplands the settlements were of less regimented form
and unenclosed clusters of houses of broadly contemporary date are also known.
These homesteads were being constructed and used by non-Roman natives
throughout the period of the Roman occupation. Their origins lie in settlement
forms developed before the arrival of the Romans. These homesteads are common
throughout the uplands where they frequently survive as well-preserved
earthworks. In lowland coastal areas they were also originally common,
although there they can frequently only be located through aerial photography.
All homestead sites which survive substantially intact will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The Roman period native enclosure north east of Langlee survives well and will
retain significant archaeological deposits. It is one of a group of similar
enclosures and homesteads on the slopes Brands Hill and lies in an area of
clustered sites whose remains are well preserved. It forms part of a wider
archaeological landscape and will contribute to any study of the wider
settlement and land use pattern in the Cheviots during this period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
NT 92 SE 28,

Source: Historic England

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