Ancient Monuments

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Chettle Long Barrow at north east corner of Eastbury Park

A Scheduled Monument in Tarrant Gunville, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9214 / 50°55'16"N

Longitude: -2.0905 / 2°5'25"W

OS Eastings: 393733.593684

OS Northings: 113550.463272

OS Grid: ST937135

Mapcode National: GBR 304.09N

Mapcode Global: FRA 66HN.Z89

Entry Name: Chettle Long Barrow at north east corner of Eastbury Park

Scheduled Date: 14 December 1926

Last Amended: 22 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014821

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27368

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Tarrant Gunville

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Chettle St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a Neolithic long barrow, known as Chettle Long Barrow,
located at the top of an east facing slope in the north east corner of
Eastbury Park on the boundary with Tarrant Gunville. The barrow mound is 58m
long and 22m wide, orientated north west to south east and is wider and higher
at the south east end. The mound has a maximum height of 3m. An oval hollow
recorded in the arable field on the north east side of the mound which is
50m long, by 14.5m wide and 0.6m deep, probably represents a flanking ditch. A
shallower hollow was also reported along the south west side. These ditches
will survive as buried features. Numerous human bones were found when an
unspecified part of the barrow was removed to make a grotto before 1767. The
parish boundary runs along the top of the mound.
Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts and the telegraph pole
although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of
long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded
nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as
earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and
their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be
nationally important.

Chettle Long barrow is a well preserved example of its class and is one of
several long barrows in the area, to the west of the west end of the Neolithic
monument known as the Dorset Cursus. The barrow is known from partial
excavation to contain archaeological remains, providing information about
Neolithic burial practices, economy and environment.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Hutchins, J, History of Dorset: Volume III, (1868), 567
Banks, J, 'Proceedings of the Dorset Natural Hist.and Arch. Society' in Journal Of An Excursion To Eastbury And Bristol Etc In 1767, , Vol. 21, (1900), 145

Source: Historic England

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