Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Long barrow 360m SSW of Chettle House

A Scheduled Monument in Chettle, Dorset

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9146 / 50°54'52"N

Longitude: -2.0715 / 2°4'17"W

OS Eastings: 395071.38449

OS Northings: 112800.216839

OS Grid: ST950128

Mapcode National: GBR 304.K38

Mapcode Global: FRA 66KP.DTB

Entry Name: Long barrow 360m SSW of Chettle House

Scheduled Date: 14 December 1926

Last Amended: 22 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013792

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27367

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Chettle

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Chettle St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a Neolithic long barrow 360m SSW of Chettle House, close
to the parish boundary with Tarrant Hinton. The barrow, which is orientated
east to west, is situated on the top of a gentle hill with views to the south
and east. The barrow mound is c.82m long but clearly extends westwards into
the arable field for possibly a further 15m, where it is visible as a slight
rise of chalky soil. The mound is 17m wide at the west end and 19m at the east
end. It is very uneven in profile with a maximum height of 2.5m. There is no
clear indication of the ditches flanking the mound although they may be
indicated by the darker soil in the ploughed fields on both sides and they
will survive as buried features c.5m wide.
The barrow mound has been truncated and disturbed in several places by part
excavations in c.1700, 1776, and possibly more recently. These events are now
represented by depressions in the mound surface. When the barrow was opened
c.1700 it is reported that large quantities of human bones were found together
with spear heads and other weaponry, perhaps suggesting pagan Saxon secondary
burials. A further secondary burial was found in 1776.
Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts although the ground beneath
is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of
long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded
nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as
earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and
their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be
nationally important.

The long barrow 360m SSW of Chettle House is a well preserved example of its
class and one of several long barrows in the vicinity, being less than 2km
from the west end of the Neolithic monument known as the Dorset Cursus. The
barrow is known from part excavation to contain archaeological remains,
providing information about Neolithic burial practices, economy and
environment.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.