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Barrow cemetery 730m north of Hampshire Gap

A Scheduled Monument in Quarley, Hampshire

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Latitude: 51.1658 / 51°9'56"N

Longitude: -1.6567 / 1°39'24"W

OS Eastings: 424097.454801

OS Northings: 140778.697348

OS Grid: SU240407

Mapcode National: GBR 61L.V9F

Mapcode Global: VHC2W.7YHQ

Entry Name: Barrow cemetery 730m north of Hampshire Gap

Scheduled Date: 27 August 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014817

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26746

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Quarley

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Grateley St Leonard

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


The monument includes a round barrow cemetery, a linear group of five barrows,
aligned north west - south east on the crest of a low ridge on the northern
side of a shallow combe. The barrows are part of a wider but scattered group
of barrows which spreads eastwards into the base of the combe.
Three of the barrows survive as recognisable earthworks. Of these, the most
north westerly example is a bowl barrow which has a mound approximately 20m in
diameter. The adjacent track truncates the southern side of the mound over the
remaining part of which runs the boundary bank for the parish and the
Cholderton Estate. This has resulted in the mound appearing somewhat elongated
in a south west - north easterly direction. The mound is surrounded by a ditch
which, although no longer visible, will survive as a buried feature 3m wide.
Immediately south east of this lies a further bowl barrow, the mound of which
is approximately 30m in diameter and has been reduced by cultivation to a
height of 0.7m. A ditch was formerly recorded on the south west side of the
mound and will survive elsewhere as a buried feature 3m wide.
To the south east of and partly underlying this barrow is a disc barrow, now
almost levelled by cultivation. In 1938 it was recorded as having a central
mound 20.1m in diameter and 0.75m high sitting on a flat platform and
surrounded by a shallow ditch. This was 6.1m wide and was itself surrounded by
a low outer bank 6.1m wide. The overall diameter of the barrow is 51m. The
central mound is still visible although now only surviving to a height of
0.2m, and the ditch will survive as a buried feature. Part excavation of this
barrow by Dr Gray Hill revealed a central cremation burial accompanied by a
flint knife, a shale ring and several sea shells. There was a secondary
interment to the east and a cremation to the west in a pocket in the chalk. On
the south side a fragmentary urn of Middle Bronze Age date was found inverted
over a cremation. Scattered over the south west quadrant of the barrow were
further sherds of pottery, animal bones and fragments of burnt clay.
To the south east of the disc barrow lie two further barrows, now levelled by
cultivation but formerly recorded as being small saucer barrows. The most
westerly example was recorded as having a mound 5.5m in diameter surrounded by
a ditch 5.1m wide and traces of an external bank of similar width. The other
had a mound 11.6m in diameter surrounded by a ditch 4.6m wide and a low bank
4.3m wide. No trace of their external banks or central mound can now be seen
although their ditches will survive as buried features.
A further possible barrow immediately east of the most south easterly barrow
is now considered to be the ploughed remains of a field corner and has not
been included within the scheduling.
All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath
these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow cemetery 730m north of Hampshire Gap is a comparatively well
preserved example of its class. Part excavation has shown one of the barrows
to contain a variety of burial types. Despite some erosion caused by
cultivation, the majority of the barrows still exhibit a recognisable profile
and will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age
beliefs, economy and environment.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club and Archaeological Soc.' in Hampshire Barrows Part 1: Addenda and Corrigenda, , Vol. 14 pt.2, (1939), 217
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in Disc Barrows, , Vol. Vol 40, (1974), 79-93
Crawford, O G S, Air Photography For Archaeologists,

Source: Historic England

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