Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 780m NNE of Hampshire Gap

A Scheduled Monument in Quarley, Hampshire

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Latitude: 51.1655 / 51°9'55"N

Longitude: -1.6519 / 1°39'6"W

OS Eastings: 424437.062534

OS Northings: 140749.260781

OS Grid: SU244407

Mapcode National: GBR 61L.WQF

Mapcode Global: VHC2W.BY2X

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 780m NNE of Hampshire Gap

Scheduled Date: 27 August 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014816

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26745

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Quarley

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Grateley St Leonard

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


The monument includes a bowl barrow, lying in the base of a shallow coombe
NNE of Hampshire Gap, the intersection of the Portway Roman road with the
county boundary in Long Walk Plantation.
The barrow has a mound 32m in diameter and 1m high. The ditch, from which
material to construct the mound was quarried, is no longer visible on the
surface but will survive as a buried feature 4m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 800m NNE of Hampshire Gap is, despite erosion caused by
cultivation, a comparatively well preserved example of its class. The barrow
will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age
beliefs, economy and environment.

Source: Historic England

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