Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 795m WSW of Franklin's Well

A Scheduled Monument in Winterslow, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1301 / 51°7'48"N

Longitude: -1.647 / 1°38'49"W

OS Eastings: 424795.281185

OS Northings: 136815.494026

OS Grid: SU247368

Mapcode National: GBR 625.4DJ

Mapcode Global: VHC32.DVNK

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 795m WSW of Franklin's Well

Scheduled Date: 13 May 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014752

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26764

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Winterslow

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Nether Wallop St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, lying on a gentle south facing slope
overlooking Roche Court Down.
The barrow has a mound 23m in diameter and 0.4m high in the centre of which
are traces of disturbance. These may represent the remains of an unrecorded
antiquarian excavation. Shallow depressions on the south east side of the
mound may relate to more recent disturbance. Although no longer visible on the
surface, a ditch will surround the mound and will survive as a buried feature
c.3m wide.
Excluded from the scheduling is the archaeological site marker although the
ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Since 1916 the Porton Down Range has been used for military purposes. As on
the Salisbury Plain Training Area, this has meant that it has not been subject
to the intensive arable farming seen elsewhere on the Wessex chalk. Porton, as
a result, is one of very few surviving areas of uncultivated chalk downland in
England and contains a range of well-preserved archaeological sites, many of
Neolithic or Bronze Age date. These include long barrows and round barrows,
flint mines, and evidence for settlement, land division and agriculture.
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow 795m WSW of Franklin's Well is a comparatively well
preserved example of its class. Despite some erosion, and evidence for an
antiquarian excavation, the barrow will contain archaeological remains
providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment.

Source: Historic England

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