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Bowl barrow 250m south of Martin's Clump

A Scheduled Monument in Over Wallop, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1454 / 51°8'43"N

Longitude: -1.6443 / 1°38'39"W

OS Eastings: 424980.81554

OS Northings: 138521.686048

OS Grid: SU249385

Mapcode National: GBR 61Z.53Z

Mapcode Global: VHC32.GG3S

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 250m south of Martin's Clump

Scheduled Date: 24 February 1971

Last Amended: 27 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013063

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12136

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Over Wallop

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Over Wallop St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

The monument includes a small bowl barrow set on a gentle south-east facing
slope and surviving as a low grass-covered earthwork. The barrow mound has a
diameter of c.15m and is 1m high when viewed from the downhill side.
A ditch c.3m wide surrounding the barrow mound survives as a buried feature.
Other barrows in the immediate area include a Neolithic long barrow and
adjacent bowl barrow 75m to the south-east. All are situated in an area of
Neolithic flint mines.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

There is no evidence for formal excavation of the monument and the site has
considerable archaeological potential. This is enhanced by its close
proximity to other monuments within the immediate area. Late Neolithic flint
mines as well as an oval barrow and adjacent bowl barrow suggest that the area
may be important in understanding the transition between Neolithic and Bronze
Age. This monument is an integral part of that landscape and its
archaeological importance is therefore considerable.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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