Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 480m east of Yorkshire Gliding Club

A Scheduled Monument in Kilburn High and Low, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.2292 / 54°13'45"N

Longitude: -1.2018 / 1°12'6"W

OS Eastings: 452130.650801

OS Northings: 481795.099546

OS Grid: SE521817

Mapcode National: GBR NM1J.LP

Mapcode Global: WHD8K.HYXP

Entry Name: Round barrow 480m east of Yorkshire Gliding Club

Scheduled Date: 29 August 1969

Last Amended: 13 May 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014564

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28225

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Kilburn High and Low

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire


The monument includes a round barrow which is situated on the southern edge of
the Hambleton Hills.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 0.4m high. It is round in
shape and 14m in diameter. The mound was surrounded by a quarry ditch up to
3m wide which has become filled in over the years and is no longer visible
as an earthwork. The mound was partly excavated in 1910 by John Sanders who
revealed it to be constucted of layers of gravel and soil. The remains of a
single human cremation which had been placed in a collared urn were found in
the centre of the mound. A number of bronze studs or pinheads were also found
in the urn. The cremation urn has been dated to between 1500 and 1200 BC.
A fence crosses the mound and the southern edge of the monument is crossed by
a gravel and fabric horse gallop. Both these features are excluded from the
scheduling although the ground beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although partly reduced by agricultural activity, this barrow survives as an
earthwork. Significant information about the original form of the barrow and
the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use
will survive beneath the barrow mound. The barrow is one of a number of
similar monuments in the wider area which offer important scope for the study
of burial practice.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Varley, A, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age Round Barrows and Adjacent Earthworks Hambleton Hills, , Vol. VOL 51, (1979), 141-145

Source: Historic England

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