Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 470m east of Hill Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Willingdon and Jevington, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8038 / 50°48'13"N

Longitude: 0.2088 / 0°12'31"E

OS Eastings: 555732.038707

OS Northings: 102794.320451

OS Grid: TQ557027

Mapcode National: GBR MTR.KLB

Mapcode Global: FRA C6BZ.14Z

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 470m east of Hill Barn

Scheduled Date: 19 June 1967

Last Amended: 30 April 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014531

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27034

County: East Sussex

Civil Parish: Willingdon and Jevington

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Jevington St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, the south easternmost round barrow of a
dispersed, north west-south east aligned linear group of four running along a
ridge of the Sussex Downs. The barrow has a circular mound c.14m in diameter,
surviving to a height of up to 1m. This has been partly levelled on its south
western side by modern ploughing. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from
which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become
infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.
The modern field fence which crosses the monument is excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although it shows some signs of damage by modern ploughing, the bowl barrow
470m east of Hill Barn survives comparatively well and will contain
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and
the landscape in which it was constructed. The close association of the
monument with three further, broadly contemporary round barrows, provides
evidence for the importance of burial practices in this area of downland
during the late prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

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