Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 520m WNW of Quarry Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Bamburgh, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.6037 / 55°36'13"N

Longitude: -1.7092 / 1°42'33"W

OS Eastings: 418416.509778

OS Northings: 634488.004531

OS Grid: NU184344

Mapcode National: GBR J3HN.R2

Mapcode Global: WHC0L.QF80

Entry Name: Round barrow 520m WNW of Quarry Cottage

Scheduled Date: 1 July 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014503

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24637

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Bamburgh

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Bamburgh St Aidan

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes the remains of a substantial mound containing the
remains of a burial of Bronze Age date. It is situated in a field of rough
pasture c.800m inland from the coast. A rubbing post of 19th century date is
situated on the mound.
The mound is irregular in shape, measuring 55m north-south by 90m east-west.
It survives up to 3m high. Although it is of abnormally large size and has a
natural appearance, limited excavation in 1928 indicated that the mound
was artificial. The remains of a cist are visible c.3m to the south of the
summit of the mound. This consists of a rectangular pit, 1m by 1.3m, sunk
into the surface of the mound to a depth of 0.65m. The sides are lined with
limestone slabs and the top of the cist is covered by a large cap stone, 1.38m
long by 0.75m wide and 0.15m deep. An Ordnance Survey document of the 19th
century records that an urn was recovered from the mound. A small excavation
in 1928 examined the cist, which was protruding from the edge of the mound.
The contents of the cist comprised the fragmentary remains of a skeleton,
identified as being a male c.1.7m in height.
The telegraph poles on the north side of the mound are excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite some disturbance caused to the south side of the mound by badger sets,
the burial mound 520m WNW of Quarry Cottage survives well. Limited excavation
of part of the mound has confirmed that it will contain archaeological
remains.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Greenwell, Canon, 'Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne' in Note, , Vol. 2ndser1, (1883), 57
Hodgkin, R A, 'Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne' in Tumuli south of Bamburgh Castle, , Vol. 4thser4, (1931), 242-247

Source: Historic England

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