Ancient Monuments

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Defended settlement, 1.05 km north west of North Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Adderstone with Lucker, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.5563 / 55°33'22"N

Longitude: -1.7697 / 1°46'10"W

OS Eastings: 414626.661072

OS Northings: 629202.483346

OS Grid: NU146292

Mapcode National: GBR J426.N1

Mapcode Global: WHC0R.SLHT

Entry Name: Defended settlement, 1.05 km north west of North Farm

Scheduled Date: 23 August 1968

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1006478

English Heritage Legacy ID: ND 432

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Adderstone with Lucker

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Lucker St Hilda

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes the remains of an Iron Age defended settlement situated on a slight ridge overlooking Howe Water. The settlement survives as an enclosure, sub-oval in shape, which has been constructed to follow the natural contours of the ridge upon which it is located. Where the slope is steepest it has been scarped to form a berm with an average width of 4m. The enclosure is surrounded on all other sides by a double bank and ditch, the latter is on average about 10m wide There is an entrance through the ramparts on the south west side.

PastScape Monument No:- 7398
NMR:- NU12NW19
Northumberland HER:- 4916

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

During the earlier Iron Age (seventh to fifth centuries BC) a variety of different types of defensive settlements began to be constructed and occupied in the northern uplands of England. The most obvious sites were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a range of smaller sites, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha and defined as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others are found in less prominent positions. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction, some sites having a single bank and ditch (univallate), others having more than one (multivallate). At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Within the enclosure a number of stone or timber-built round houses were occupied by the inhabitants. Stock may also have been kept in these houses, especially during the cold winter months, or in enclosed yards outside them. The communities occupying these sites were probably single family groups, the defended settlements being used as farmsteads. Construction and use of this type of site extended over several centuries, possibly through to the early Romano-British period (mid to late first century AD). Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the later prehistoric settlement pattern of the northern uplands and are important for any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. All well-preserved examples are believed to be of national importance.
The defended settlement, 1.05 km north west of North Farm survives well and represents a good example of a small northern defended settlement. It provides insight into the diversity of settlement forms during the Iron Age. The presence of upstanding earthworks indicates that the monument will contain archaeological deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment and environmental deposits relating to the use of the surrounding landscape.

Source: Historic England

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