Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn on Grasmoor

A Scheduled Monument in Buttermere, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.5716 / 54°34'17"N

Longitude: -3.2779 / 3°16'40"W

OS Eastings: 317480.096159

OS Northings: 520351.875151

OS Grid: NY174203

Mapcode National: GBR 5HKK.4Z

Mapcode Global: WH70B.MC85

Entry Name: Round cairn on Grasmoor

Scheduled Date: 3 August 1995

Last Amended: 5 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014393

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27656

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Buttermere

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Loweswater with Buttermere

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument includes a round cairn located on the summit of Grasmoor. It
consists of an oval-shaped mound of stones measuring 17.5m north-south by
12.5m east-west. It measures up to 1m high on its downslope north side and
0.2m high on all other sides. On the monument's summit there is a fellwalker's
shelter constructed from the stones which originally would have formed part of
the round cairn.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite construction of a fellwalker's shelter on the monument, the round
cairn on Grasmoor survives reasonably well. It will contain undisturbed
archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old land surface

Source: Historic England


Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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