Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn on Grasmoor

A Scheduled Monument in Buttermere, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5716 / 54°34'17"N

Longitude: -3.2779 / 3°16'40"W

OS Eastings: 317480.096159

OS Northings: 520351.875151

OS Grid: NY174203

Mapcode National: GBR 5HKK.4Z

Mapcode Global: WH70B.MC85

Entry Name: Round cairn on Grasmoor

Scheduled Date: 3 August 1995

Last Amended: 5 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014393

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27656

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Buttermere

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Loweswater with Buttermere

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument includes a round cairn located on the summit of Grasmoor. It
consists of an oval-shaped mound of stones measuring 17.5m north-south by
12.5m east-west. It measures up to 1m high on its downslope north side and
0.2m high on all other sides. On the monument's summit there is a fellwalker's
shelter constructed from the stones which originally would have formed part of
the round cairn.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite construction of a fellwalker's shelter on the monument, the round
cairn on Grasmoor survives reasonably well. It will contain undisturbed
archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old land surface
beneath.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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