Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn on summit of Carling Knott

A Scheduled Monument in Loweswater, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.5703 / 54°34'13"N

Longitude: -3.3672 / 3°22'2"W

OS Eastings: 311704.894445

OS Northings: 520313.771702

OS Grid: NY117203

Mapcode National: GBR 4HXL.SG

Mapcode Global: WH709.7DT5

Entry Name: Round cairn on summit of Carling Knott

Scheduled Date: 3 August 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013334

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27654

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Loweswater

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Loweswater with Buttermere

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument includes a round cairn located on the summit of Carling Knott. It
consists of an oval-shaped mound of stones up to 0.6m high and measuring 15.5m
east-west by 11.5m north-south. On the monument's summit there is a
fellwalker's shelter constructed from stones which originally would have
formed part of the round cairn.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite construction of a fellwalker's shelter on the monument, the round
cairn on the summit of Carling Knott survives reasonably well. It will contain
undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old
landsurface beneath.

Source: Historic England


Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. 1068, Cumbria SMR, Carling Knott I, (1984)

Source: Historic England

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