Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cairn at West Moor Bottom, Mudbeck

A Scheduled Monument in Bowes, County Durham

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Latitude: 54.4729 / 54°28'22"N

Longitude: -2.0645 / 2°3'52"W

OS Eastings: 395919.312434

OS Northings: 508612.925425

OS Grid: NY959086

Mapcode National: GBR GJ0Q.VC

Mapcode Global: WHB4Q.8T5X

Entry Name: Cairn at West Moor Bottom, Mudbeck

Scheduled Date: 7 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014348

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27929

County: County Durham

Civil Parish: Bowes

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): County Durham


This remote cairn survives in a low lying position beside Crook Sike Gill
and 1km north east of Arkle Beck stone circle. The mound has a smooth profile
with a slightly flattened top, a diameter of 16m and height of approximately

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

This is a substantial, isolated monument which retains undisturbed
archaeological deposits. It is also in close association with the stone circle
at Arkle Beck.

Source: Historic England

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