Ancient Monuments

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Cairnfield on Ravock, 600m south east of Ravock Castle, Bowes Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Bowes, County Durham

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Latitude: 54.519 / 54°31'8"N

Longitude: -2.0695 / 2°4'10"W

OS Eastings: 395596.072457

OS Northings: 513750.059054

OS Grid: NY955137

Mapcode National: GBR FJZ5.RT

Mapcode Global: WHB4J.5PS0

Entry Name: Cairnfield on Ravock, 600m south east of Ravock Castle, Bowes Moor

Scheduled Date: 16 April 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016610

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31820

County: County Durham

Civil Parish: Bowes

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): County Durham


The monument includes a prehistoric cairnfield at the south edge of the upland
plateau of Ravock, Bowes Moor, 600m south east of Ravock Castle. It is 200m
west of a larger cairnfield which is the subject of a separate scheduling on
the same plateau.
The cairnfield consists of at least ten cairns and two rubble banks. The
cairns are concentrated towards the south edge of the cairnfield, along the
lip of the plateau. The two rubble banks are north of this, forming two sides
of a rectangle. The cairns are between 2m and 5m in diameter and typically
0.5m high. The banks are typically 2m wide and 0.2m high. The combination of
small cairns and linear banks indicates that this complex is the remains of a
prehistoric field system.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one
another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone
cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture,
and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots.
However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without
excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials.
Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3400 BC),
although the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance
which began during the earlier Bronze Age and continued into the later Bronze
Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and variation in the size,
content and associations of cairnfields provide important information on the
development of land use and agricultural practices. Cairnfields also retain
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation during the
prehistoric period.

The cairnfield on Ravock, 600m south east of Ravock Castle, Bowes Moor
survives well and will retain significant information on prehistoric land use
on the moor. It is also part of a wider prehistoric landscape in the area
which includes further cairns and field systems.

Source: Historic England


Ravock, Cleveland County Archaeology Section, A66 Archaeology Project, (1990)

Source: Historic England

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