Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Cup marked stone on Gayles Plantation 490m ENE of Shooters Well

A Scheduled Monument in Gayles, North Yorkshire

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 54.4502 / 54°27'0"N

Longitude: -1.8338 / 1°50'1"W

OS Eastings: 410871.380152

OS Northings: 506098.675478

OS Grid: NZ108060

Mapcode National: GBR HJMZ.SH

Mapcode Global: WHC64.SDYS

Entry Name: Cup marked stone on Gayles Plantation 490m ENE of Shooters Well

Scheduled Date: 6 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014336

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27954

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Gayles

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirkby Ravensworth

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a cup marked stone situated in open moorland on level
ground, 10m south of Stone Man Plantation and 490m ENE of Shooters Well on
Gayles Plantation. It consists of a flat, roughly square, grey sandstone slab,
0.6m by 0.5m wide. The upper surface of the stone is decorated with five well
preserved cup marks with diameters of approximately 0.5m. A number of these
cups are linked by linear grooves which extend towards the outer edges of the
upper surface of the stone. The monument is one of a group of prehistoric
carved stones on Gayles Moor.
Its grid reference by Global Positioning System NZ1087106098.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

This is a well preserved cup marked stone, surviving in its original location
and is one of a group of prehistoric carved stones in the area. It will also
contribute to an understanding of the wider grouping of these stones.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Laurie, T,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.