Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cup marked stone on Gayles Plantation, 360m ENE of Shooters Well

A Scheduled Monument in Gayles, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.4499 / 54°26'59"N

Longitude: -1.8358 / 1°50'8"W

OS Eastings: 410744.473783

OS Northings: 506072.588437

OS Grid: NZ107060

Mapcode National: GBR HJMZ.CL

Mapcode Global: WHC64.SD0Y

Entry Name: Cup marked stone on Gayles Plantation, 360m ENE of Shooters Well

Scheduled Date: 4 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014322

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27956

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Gayles

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirkby Ravensworth

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a cup marked stone situated in open moorland on a
gentle north facing slope 60m south west of Stone Man Plantation and 360m ENE
of Shooters Well on Gayles Plantation. It consists of an irregular grey
sandstone outcrop, the exposed section measuring 1.5m by 1.4m. A small section
of the upper surface of the stone in the south west quadrant is decorated with
approximately ten cup marks which are joined by linear grooves. The monument
is one of a group of prehistoric carved stones on Gayles Moor.
Its grid reference by Global Positioning System is NZ1074406072.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

This is a well preserved cup marked stone, surviving in its original
location and one of a group of prehistoric carved stones in the area. It will
also contribute to an understanding of the wider grouping of these stones.

Source: Historic England


Laurie, T,

Source: Historic England

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