Ancient Monuments

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Rock with five or more cups south of track on Weston Moor 300m WNW of Weston Moor Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Weston, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.9398 / 53°56'23"N

Longitude: -1.7167 / 1°43'0"W

OS Eastings: 418691.798489

OS Northings: 449330.284833

OS Grid: SE186493

Mapcode National: GBR JQGW.4G

Mapcode Global: WHC8Q.L7QK

Entry Name: Rock with five or more cups south of track on Weston Moor 300m WNW of Weston Moor Cottage

Scheduled Date: 31 January 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014312

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28072

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Weston

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Weston All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, partly covered in vegetation.
The visible part measures 1m x 1m x 0.5m. It is situated on Weston Moor, 5m
south of the track, 205m east of the plantation. Its National Grid Reference
is SE 18696 49334. The carving consists of four to five cups on the top
surface of the rock, and one cup on the SSE face.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms an important part of the
prehistoric landscape of Weston Moor.

Source: Historic England

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