Ancient Monuments

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Porlock Allotment 1: a stone alignment 450m SSE of Black Barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Exford, Somerset

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Latitude: 51.1814 / 51°10'52"N

Longitude: -3.6702 / 3°40'12"W

OS Eastings: 283359.05933

OS Northings: 143784.262801

OS Grid: SS833437

Mapcode National: GBR L8.5VD0

Mapcode Global: VH5K1.BKLQ

Entry Name: Porlock Allotment 1: a stone alignment 450m SSE of Black Barrow

Scheduled Date: 27 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014270

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25227

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Exford

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset


The monument includes three standing stones, five recumbent stones, a
partly buried stone and the archaeologically sensitive area between and
around these features. The site is located on the west side of the shallow
saddle 450m SSE of Black Barrow. The nine stones are set out in three parallel
rows of three and occupy an area 7m by 9m. The three standing stones form the
northern corner of the site and are all leaning, though earthfast.
The standing stones are of a uniform size 250mm high, 300mm wide and 150mm
thick. The recumbent stones are between 1m and 300mm long and are all about
300mm wide. The partly buried stone is at least 500mm long by 300mm wide.
Two of the standing stones are in erosion hollows.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south
western peninsula of England. In contrast to the other two areas, Dartmoor and
Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little
excavation of its monuments. However, survey work has confirmed a comparable
richness of archaeological remains with evidence of human exploitation and
occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. The well-preserved
and often visible relationships between settlement sites, major land
boundaries, trackways and ceremonial and funerary monuments give insight into
successive changes in the pattern of land-use through time.
Stone alignments or stone rows consist of upright stones set in a single line,
or in two or more parallel lines, up to several hundred metres in length. They
are often sited close to prehistoric burial monuments, such as small cairns
and cists, and to ritual monuments, such as stone circles, and are therefore
considered to have had an important ceremonial function. Stone alignments were
being constructed and used from the Late Neolithic period to the Middle Bronze
Age (c.2500-1000 BC) and provide rare evidence of ceremonial and ritual
practices during these periods. The recorded examples on Exmoor form an
important subgroup of the total population and are considered to be of
national importance.

The Porlock Allotment 1 stone alignment survives well and will retain
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and
use. Its importance is increased by its association with two further lithic

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Quinnell, N V, Dunn, C J, Lithic Monuments within the Exmoor National Park: A New Survey, (1992), 60

Source: Historic England

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