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Bowl barrow 40m north west of East Kennett long barrow forming part of a cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in East Kennett, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4013 / 51°24'4"N

Longitude: -1.8349 / 1°50'5"W

OS Eastings: 411577.666592

OS Northings: 166931.225119

OS Grid: SU115669

Mapcode National: GBR 3VZ.4WX

Mapcode Global: VHB4C.41SL

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 40m north west of East Kennett long barrow forming part of a cemetery

Scheduled Date: 12 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014037

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28104

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: East Kennett

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Details

The monument includes a plough-levelled bowl barrow 40m north west of East
Kennett long barrow. It forms part of a cemetery which contains at least five
round barrows and is clustered around the earlier Neolithic monument. It is
one of a number of cemeteries situated on the Downs south of Avebury.
The barrow mound is no longer visible at ground level but is known from aerial
photographs to measure 30m in diameter. Surrounding the original extent of the
mound is a 2m wide quarry ditch from which material was obtained during its
construction. This has become infilled over the years due to cultivation, but
survives as a buried feature below the modern ground level.
Excluded from the scheduling is the post and wire boundary fence running east-
west across the barrow, although the land beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age
periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the
17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a
World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West
Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill
causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the
other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other
associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest
and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual
monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age
(2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows -
rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries
developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in
some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period.
They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently
including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated
with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has
occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have
often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland
England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are
clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both
here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their
longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of
beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All
examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been levelled by cultivation, the bowl barrow north west of
East Kennet long barrow is visible on aerial photographs and will contain
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and
the landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
SU 16 NW 024, R.C.H.M.(E), East Kennett 6, (1974)
SU16NW 641, C.A.O., Ring Ditch, (1975)

Source: Historic England

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