Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 200m east of East Kennett long barrow forming part of a barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in East Kennett, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4009 / 51°24'3"N

Longitude: -1.8316 / 1°49'53"W

OS Eastings: 411813.017345

OS Northings: 166888.203366

OS Grid: SU118668

Mapcode National: GBR 3VZ.5RN

Mapcode Global: VHB4C.61LW

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 200m east of East Kennett long barrow forming part of a barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 12 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014036

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28103

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: East Kennett

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated 200m east of East Kennett long
barrow and forming part of a round barrow cemetery clustered around it. The
cemetery contains a total of five round barrows and is one of a number located
on the Downs south of Avebury.
The barrow has a mound which has been reduced in height by cultivation but
survives as a spread of material 40m in diameter and 0.3m high. Surrounding
the original extent of the mound is a 2m wide quarry ditch from which material
was obtained during its construction. This survives as a buried feature below
the spread of mound material.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age
periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the
17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a
World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West
Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill
causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the
other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other
associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest
and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual
monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age
(2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows -
rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries
developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in
some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period.
They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently
including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated
with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has
occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have
often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland
England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are
clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both
here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their
longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of
beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All
examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been reduced by cultivation, the bowl barrow east of East
Kennett long barrow survives as a visible earthwork and will contain
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the
landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'A History of Wiltshire' in Bowl Barrows, , Vol. 1,1, (1957), 172
Other
SU 16 NW 010, R.C.H.M.(E), Tumulus N.E. of E. Kennet Long barrow, (1974)
SU16NW 638, C.A.O., Bowl barrow, (1975)

Source: Historic England

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