Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 900m SSE of Green Bank

A Scheduled Monument in Avebury, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.4217 / 51°25'18"N

Longitude: -1.8433 / 1°50'35"W

OS Eastings: 410992.315707

OS Northings: 169202.403304

OS Grid: SU109692

Mapcode National: GBR 3VL.W7X

Mapcode Global: VHB45.0JCG

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 900m SSE of Green Bank

Scheduled Date: 7 May 1957

Last Amended: 26 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014029

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21895

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Avebury

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated 900m SSE of Green Bank at the
south east end of a slight ridge, located on the north east facing slope of
West Overton Down.
The barrow has been reduced in height by cultivation and is only visible at
ground level as a slight spread of chalk c.35m in diameter and 0.3m high.
From previous records it is known that the barrow mound originally stood at
least 1.2m high. Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch from which material
was obtained during its construction. This has been infilled over the years by
the spreading of the mound, but will survive as a buried feature c.2m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age
periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the
17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a
World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West
Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill
causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the
other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other
associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest
and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial monuments in the
country. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with
most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally and around 320 in the Avebury area. This group of
monuments will provide important information on the development of this area
during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods. All surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

This bowl barrow is situated 900m SSE of Green Bank Avenue and lies close
to the centre of the Avebury World Heritage Area.
Despite having been reduced by cultivation, it will survive in the form of
buried remains and will contain environmental and archaeological evidence
relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'A History Of WIltshire' in Avebury 21, , Vol. 1 pt 1, (1957), 137
Passmore, A D, 'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine, , Vol. 42, (1922), 50
Measurements in imperial units, Saunders, AD, AM 7, (1955)
SU 16 NW 609 (Avebury record 203), KING, R, Doubtful ditched long mound, (1989)
SU 16 NW 609, C.A.O., Doubtful ditched long barrow, (1978)
SU 16 NW 67, R.C.H.M.(E), East of Kennet Avenue, Avebury 21, (1974)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series
Source Date: 1960
SU 16 NW

Source: Historic England

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