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Bowl barrow forming part of a cemetery 800m east of Kitchen Barrow

A Scheduled Monument in All Cannings, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.3812 / 51°22'52"N

Longitude: -1.8942 / 1°53'39"W

OS Eastings: 407457.190152

OS Northings: 164687.087404

OS Grid: SU074646

Mapcode National: GBR 3W3.7YC

Mapcode Global: VHB4B.3KY1

Entry Name: Bowl barrow forming part of a cemetery 800m east of Kitchen Barrow

Scheduled Date: 10 November 1964

Last Amended: 18 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014026

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21892

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: All Cannings

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bishop's Cannings and Etchilhampton St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated 800m east of Kitchen Barrow. It
forms the southern outlier of a cemetery which includes a total of five
barrows. This is one of a number of cemeteries located on the Downs.
The barrow has a mound which has been reduced by cultivation in the past but
which survives as a visible monument, best seen from the east. It measures 12m
in diameter and up to 0.6m high. The western half of the barrow has been
reduced to the point where it is no longer clearly definable at ground level.
This difference in survival of the mound, which originally stood at least 0.9m
high, is due to the fact that it is crossed from north east to south west by a
fence line which forms the parish boundary and the extent of cultivation
either side of the boundary has been variable.
Surrounding the original extent of the mound is a 2m quarry ditch from which
material was obtained during its construction. This survives as a buried
feature below the modern ground level. Beyond the ditch lies a 1.5m wide
counter-scarp bank which stands 0.3m high on the eastern side of the
monument. It has been levelled to the west.
During the late 1850s the barrow was partly excavated and a secondary
cremation burial was found, placed on a flat stone beneath an inverted Late
Bronze Age bucket urn.
Excluded from the scheduling is the fence and its posts, although the
land beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age
periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the
17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a
World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West
Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill
causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the
other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other
associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest
and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual
monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age
(2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows -
rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries
developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in
some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period.
They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently
including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated
with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has
occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have
often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland
England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are
clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both
here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their
longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of
beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All
examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been reduced by cultivation, the bowl barrow forming the
southern outlier of this cemetery survives as a visible earthwork and is known
from part excavation to contain archaeological and environmental evidence
relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, 'A History of Wiltshire' in A History of Wiltshire, , Vol. 1, 1, (1957), 148
Wiltshire Arch And Nat History Society, , 'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Group Of Five Round Barrows E Of Kitchen Barrow Hill, , Vol. 6, (1860), 325
Other
AA 72118 OCN WI 635 AM 107, Williams, S., Group of Five round barrows E of Kitchen Barrow Hill, (1992)
SU06SE 602, C.A.O., Bowl or Saucer barrow, (1992)

Source: Historic England

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