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Four round barrows 740m east of Kitchen Barrow, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on All Cannings Down

A Scheduled Monument in All Cannings, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.3824 / 51°22'56"N

Longitude: -1.8946 / 1°53'40"W

OS Eastings: 407427.730769

OS Northings: 164826.913498

OS Grid: SU074648

Mapcode National: GBR 3W3.7TN

Mapcode Global: VHB4B.3JQ2

Entry Name: Four round barrows 740m east of Kitchen Barrow, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on All Cannings Down

Scheduled Date: 10 November 1964

Last Amended: 18 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014025

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21891

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: All Cannings

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bishop's Cannings and Etchilhampton St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes three Bronze Age bowl barrows and a disc barrow situated
on a south facing slope, 740m east of Kitchen Barrow. The barrows are aligned
roughly north west to south east and together with a bowl barrow 70m south,
form a cemetery which contains a total of five round barrows. It is one of a
number of cemeteries on the Downs.
The disc barrow has been quarried on its western side but is visible at ground
level as a mound 3m across and up to 0.4m high. This is surrounded by a flat
berm 16m wide, beyond which there is an outer bank c.2m wide. This has been
partly levelled, although sections of it stand up to 0.2m high.
The three bowl barrows survive as upstanding earthworks, the mounds of which
measure between 18m and 20m in diameter and stand up to 1.5m high. These are
surrounded by quarry ditches from which material was obtained during their
construction. These all measure 2m wide and although partly infilled remain
open to a depth of 0.4m. The barrows all have outer counter-scarp banks 1m
wide and 0.3m high. The middle one of the three bowl barrows has been damaged
by quarrying to the north and west which has removed the counter-scarp bank
and the outside edge of the quarry ditch on these sides. The remains of all
three barrows are clearly visible.
The three bowl barrows were all partly excavated in the late 1850s when finds
included cremation burials, shale and faience beads, a pendant and a flint
scraper. All the finds are now held at the British Museum.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age
periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the
17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a
World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West
Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill
causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the
other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other
associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest
and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual
monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age
(2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows -
rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries
developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in
some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period.
They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently
including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated
with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has
occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have
often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland
England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are
clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both
here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their
longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of
beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All
examples are considered worthy of protection.

The three bowl barrows and one disc barrow forming the monument all survive
as visible earthworks and are known from part excavation to contain
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the
landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
SU 06 SE 613, C.A.O., Bronze Age bowl barrow, (1992)
SU06SE 614, C.A.O., Disc barrow, (1992)
SU06SE 615, C.A.O., Undated, excavated bowl barrow, (1992)
SU06SE 616, C.A.O., Bowl barrow, (1992)

Source: Historic England

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