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Bowl barrow 400m south west of Woolbury hillfort: one of a dispersed group of barrows on Stockbridge Down

A Scheduled Monument in Stockbridge, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1128 / 51°6'46"N

Longitude: -1.4632 / 1°27'47"W

OS Eastings: 437673.683978

OS Northings: 134975.692511

OS Grid: SU376349

Mapcode National: GBR 73Y.2XB

Mapcode Global: VHC3C.L9B7

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 400m south west of Woolbury hillfort: one of a dispersed group of barrows on Stockbridge Down

Scheduled Date: 21 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013981

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26747

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Stockbridge

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Stockbridge St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age ditched bowl barrow, part of a dispersed
group of barrows situated to the south of Woolbury hillfort on the southern
slopes of Stockbridge Down. The monument lies on the crest of a knoll c.400m
south west of the hillfort.
The barrow has a mound 11m in diameter and 0.5m high. Surrounding this is the
ditch from which material to construct the mound was quarried. Although no
longer visible on the surface, this will survive as a buried feature c.2m
wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Stockbridge Down is one of few surviving areas of undisturbed chalk downland
in Wessex and contains a range of generally well preserved archaeological
features. A survey of the area has confirmed the survival of
prehistoric round barrows, linear earthworks and field systems, all to the
south of the Iron Age hillfort of Woolbury.
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particualry representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.
The bowl barrow 400m south west of Woolbury hillfort on Stockbridge Down is a
well preserved example of its class and will contain archaeological remains
providing information about Bronze Age burial practices, economy and
environment.
The monument is situated within an area of unrestricted public access.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Papworth, M, Archaeological Survey, Stockbridge Down and Marsh, Hampshire, (1992), p.16
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. Vol 14, (1938), p.353

Source: Historic England

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