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Bowl barrow 400m north east of Green Place: one of a dispersed group of barrows on Stockbridge Down

A Scheduled Monument in Stockbridge, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1117 / 51°6'42"N

Longitude: -1.4652 / 1°27'54"W

OS Eastings: 437535.916399

OS Northings: 134846.509378

OS Grid: SU375348

Mapcode National: GBR 73Y.8D8

Mapcode Global: VHC3C.KB93

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 400m north east of Green Place: one of a dispersed group of barrows on Stockbridge Down

Scheduled Date: 13 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013631

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26737

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Stockbridge

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Stockbridge St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

The monument includes a small Bronze Age ditched bowl barrow, part of a
dispersed group of barrows situated to the south west of Woolbury hillfort on
the southern slopes of Stockbridge Down.
The barrow has a mound 6m in diameter and 0.5m high, surrounded by a ditch
1.2m wide and 0.2m deep from which material was quarried during its
construction. Part excavation of the mound in 1936 as part of the
investigation of an adjacent medieval cemetery produced no evidence of
prehistoric burial deposits. Finds of 17th century date from the upper parts
of the mound suggest that it may have been enhanced at this period.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Stockbridge Down is one of few surviving areas of undisturbed chalk downland
in Wessex and contains a range of generally well preserved archaeological
features. A survey of the area has confirmed the survival of prehistoric round
barrows, linear earthworks and field systems, all to the south of the Iron Age
hillfort of Woolbury.
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particuarly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.
The bowl barrow 400m north east of Green Place, despite alterations carried
out in the 17th century and the disturbance caused by part excavation, is a
comparatively well preserved example of its class. The barrow gives the
appearance of a largely original profile with traces of a ditch surrounding
the mound and will contain archaeological remains providing information about
Bronze Age burial practices, economy and environment.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Papworth, M, Archaeological Survey, Stockbridge Down and Marsh, Hampshire, (1992), 14-15
Gray Hill, N, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Excavations On Stockbridge Down 1935-36, , Vol. Vol 13, (1937), 247ff
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. Vol 14, (1938), 353

Source: Historic England

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