Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 350m south west of Normanton Gorse

A Scheduled Monument in Winterbourne Stoke, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1708 / 51°10'14"N

Longitude: -1.8456 / 1°50'44"W

OS Eastings: 410892.63518

OS Northings: 141290.126179

OS Grid: SU108412

Mapcode National: GBR 3YP.G7D

Mapcode Global: VHB59.YTPW

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 350m south west of Normanton Gorse

Scheduled Date: 22 March 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013812

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10479

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Winterbourne Stoke

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Woodford Valley with Archers Gate

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a levelled bowl barrow 350m south west of Normanton
Gorse, situated on a south west facing slope with views across Wilsford Down.
The barrow mound is now difficult to identify on the ground, but is known from
aerial photographs and a mid-20th century report to be 11m in diameter. It is
surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during its
construction. This is now difficult to identify on the ground, having become
infilled over the years, but is calculated to be 1m wide, giving an overall
diameter of 13m.
All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, but the ground beneath them
is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use.
In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments
of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified
as nationally important. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round
barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the
Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which
covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped
as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a variety of burial practices. There are over
10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and at least 320 in the
Stonehenge area. This group of monuments will provide important information
on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age
periods.

Despite being levelled by ploughing, the bowl barrow 350m south west of
Normanton Gorse is known from partial excavation to contain archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape
in which it was constructed. Aerial photographs have shown that the ditch
fills survive undisturbed, while deposits located on the Bronze Age ground
surface will survive beneath the area disturbed by cultivation.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 150
Hoare, R C, Ancient History of Wiltshire, (1812), 206

Source: Historic England

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