Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow south of the A303 and north west of Normanton Gorse

A Scheduled Monument in Winterbourne Stoke, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.1738 / 51°10'25"N

Longitude: -1.8424 / 1°50'32"W

OS Eastings: 411114.553908

OS Northings: 141626.830502

OS Grid: SU111416

Mapcode National: GBR 3YP.90V

Mapcode Global: VHB5B.0RVK

Entry Name: Bowl barrow south of the A303 and north west of Normanton Gorse

Scheduled Date: 10 March 1925

Last Amended: 23 March 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010832

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10477

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Winterbourne Stoke

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Woodford Valley with Archers Gate

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow south of the A303 and north west of
Normanton Gorse, situated on a south west facing slope with views across
Wilsford Down. The barrow mound is 16m in diameter and 0.6m high, surrounded
by a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This is
now difficult to identify on the ground, having become infilled over the
years, but is calculated to be 1.5m wide, giving an overall diameter of 19m.
Excavation in 1960 revealed a total of 11 burials, several accompanied by

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use.
In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments
of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified
as nationally important. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round
barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the
Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which
covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped
as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a variety of burial practices. There are over
10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and at least 320 in the
Stonehenge area. This group of monuments will provide important information
on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age

Despite excavation of the bowl barrow south of the A303 and north west of
Normanton Gorse, a low mound remains visible and the form of the quarry ditch
enclosing the barrow and details of the burial pits survive as downcut

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 196
Hoare, R C, Ancient History of Wiltshire, (1812), 206
'Wiltshire Archaeological & Natural History Magazine' in Excavation and Fieldwork in Wiltshire, 1960, , Vol. 58, (1963), 30

Source: Historic England

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