Ancient Monuments

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Linear dyke extending for 2.1km from Fryton West Wood to Slingsby Banks Wood

A Scheduled Monument in Coneysthorpe, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.1491 / 54°8'56"N

Longitude: -0.929 / 0°55'44"W

OS Eastings: 470048.526

OS Northings: 473114.5133

OS Grid: SE700731

Mapcode National: GBR PNYG.NF

Mapcode Global: WHFB6.PZT3

Entry Name: Linear dyke extending for 2.1km from Fryton West Wood to Slingsby Banks Wood

Scheduled Date: 23 November 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013697

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28204

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Coneysthorpe

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Slingsby All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a discontinuous linear dyke extending east to west for
2.1km below the edge of the escarpment forming the south of the Vale of
Pickering. It is divided into seven separate areas. The dyke includes a bank
up to 6m wide and 0.7m high with a ditch lying to the north up to 4m wide and
0.6m deep. At the eastern end the dyke widens to include a double ditch with
intervening banks, a total width of 70m. The dyke broadly follows the contour
of the hillside. It is cut through in several places by forest tracks and
hollow ways. To the west, it ends in a forest plantation and its full
extent cannot yet be determined. To the east, it ends at a cultivated field
where it has been reduced by agricultural activity although it survives as an
earthwork a further 550m to the east where it is the subject of a separate
scheduling. This section of dyke is part of a wider system of boundaries
extending across the Vale of Pickering. Other dykes extend north to south.
They divided the terrain into discrete units for social and agricultural

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Linear boundaries are substantial earthwork features comprising single or
multiple ditches and banks which may extend over distances varying between
less than 1km to over 10km. They survive as earthworks or as linear features
visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs or as a combination of both. The
evidence of excavation and study of associated monuments demonstrate that
their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although
they may have been re-used later.
The scale of many linear boundaries has been taken to indicate that they were
constructed by large social groups and were used to mark important boundaries
in the landscape; their impressive scale displaying the corporate prestige of
their builders. They would have been powerful symbols, often with religious
associations, used to define and order the territorial holdings of those
groups who constructed them. Linear earthworks are of considerable importance
for the analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age; all well
preserved examples will normally merit statutory protection.

This section of dyke is well preserved as an earthwork and significant
archaeological remains will be retained within the bank and ditches. The dyke
is part of a wider system of boundaries, enclosures and ritual sites. Similar
groupings of monuments are known elsewhere in the north east of England and
offer important scope for the study of the development and exploitation of the
landscape in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, (1993), 92-120
McElvaney, M, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1994)

Source: Historic England

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