Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 450m ENE of High Baxtonhowe

A Scheduled Monument in Hovingham, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.1488 / 54°8'55"N

Longitude: -0.9482 / 0°56'53"W

OS Eastings: 468796.742978

OS Northings: 473065.329752

OS Grid: SE687730

Mapcode National: GBR PNTG.JJ

Mapcode Global: WHFB6.DZQB

Entry Name: Round barrow 450m ENE of High Baxtonhowe

Scheduled Date: 16 November 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013686

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26991

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Hovingham

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Slingsby All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round barrow which is one of a group situated on
undulating land on Fryton Moor.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 0.7m high. It is round in
shape and 12m in diameter. The mound was surrounded by a quarry ditch up to
3m wide which has become filled in over the years and is no longer visible
as an earthwork. The barrow was partly excavated in 1865 by Canon Greenwell
who uncovered a single cremation burial and associated artefacts.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

This barrow has survived well and significant information about the structure
of the mound, the surrounding ditch and the burials will be preserved. The
monument is one of a closely associated group of barrows in the vicinity.
Similar groups of monuments are also known across the region and offer
important scope for the study of burial practice in different geographical
areas in the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Kinnes, I A, Longworth, I H, The Greenwell Collection, (1985), 93
McElvaney, M, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1994)

Source: Historic England

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