Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 350m NNE of High Baxtonhowe

A Scheduled Monument in Hovingham, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.1506 / 54°9'2"N

Longitude: -0.9527 / 0°57'9"W

OS Eastings: 468502.39383

OS Northings: 473254.484709

OS Grid: SE685732

Mapcode National: GBR PNSF.KW

Mapcode Global: WHFB6.BXLZ

Entry Name: Round barrow 350m NNE of High Baxtonhowe

Scheduled Date: 20 June 1967

Last Amended: 20 November 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013681

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26986

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Hovingham

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Slingsby All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow which is one of a group situated on
undulating land on Fryton Moor.
Although altered by agricultural activity, the barrow is still visible as a
low mound. It has an earth and stone mound standing 1.1m high. It is round in
shape and 12m in diameter. The mound was surrounded by a quarry ditch up to
3m wide which has become filled in over the years and is no longer visible as
an earthwork. The barrow was partly excavated in 1864 by Canon Greenwell
who uncovered a single cremation burial and associated artefacts.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although altered by agricultural activity, this barrow is still visible as an
earthwork and significant information about the structure of the mound, the
surrounding ditch and the burials will be preserved. It is one of a number of
barrows in the area. Similar groups of monuments are also known across the
region and offer important scope for the study of burial practice in different
geographical areas in the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Kinnes, I A, Longworth, I H, The Greenwell Collection, (1985), 92
Other
McElvaney, M, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1994)

Source: Historic England

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