Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Moated site at Cippenham Court

A Scheduled Monument in Cippenham Meadows, Slough

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Latitude: 51.5088 / 51°30'31"N

Longitude: -0.6297 / 0°37'46"W

OS Eastings: 495197.674331

OS Northings: 179764.753985

OS Grid: SU951797

Mapcode National: GBR F85.9MJ

Mapcode Global: VHFT8.1BHP

Entry Name: Moated site at Cippenham Court

Scheduled Date: 9 January 1953

Last Amended: 29 March 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013455

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12030

County: Slough

Electoral Ward/Division: Cippenham Meadows

Built-Up Area: Slough

Traditional County: Buckinghamshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Berkshire

Church of England Parish: Cippenham St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes a moated site and associated earthworks
situated adjacent to and to the east of Wood Lane. The moat, which
measures c.115m east-west by 100m north-south, is trapezoidal and
aligned WNW-ESE with a causeway to the west. The ditch varies between
10 and 15m in width, has an average depth of 1.5m and encloses an
island some 75m square. A pronounced inner bank (c.1.2m high)
encloses a level interior with vague depressions and banks,
interpreted as representing the location of the foundations of a
large manor house. Low earthworks, visible on the ground and on
aerial photographs, demonstrate the survival of archaeological
remains of activities associated with, but outside, the moat. The
site is thought to be that of a manor held as a temporary residence
from 1252 AD but has also been traditionally associated with the
Palace of Richard, Earl of Cornwall.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known, relatively few
survive in Berkshire. This example is particularly important as it
survives well and is associated with a series of earthworks
immediately adjacent to the moated site. The monument also has a good
level of historical documentation as well as high potential for the
recovery of archaeological remains.

The site of the scheduled monument is shown on the attached "MPP
Scheduled Monument" map extract, outlined in black and highlighted in
red and includes a 2m boundary around archaeological features to the
north and south of the moat considered to be essential for the
monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Buckinghamshire, (1925), 167;174
Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, , An Inventory of Historic Monuments in Buckinghamshire, (1912), 75
Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,
Held at Mid Thames Arch Soc, Stanley, C,

Source: Historic England

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