Ancient Monuments

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Four round barrows on Yearsley Moor 200m south west of High Lions' Lodge

A Scheduled Monument in Yearsley, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.1692 / 54°10'9"N

Longitude: -1.1204 / 1°7'13"W

OS Eastings: 457520.266615

OS Northings: 475182.479123

OS Grid: SE575751

Mapcode National: GBR NNM7.76

Mapcode Global: WHD8Z.RGNN

Entry Name: Four round barrows on Yearsley Moor 200m south west of High Lions' Lodge

Scheduled Date: 24 May 1951

Last Amended: 29 August 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013446

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26966

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Yearsley

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Brandsby All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes four round barrows, situated in a line orientated east
to west, which are part of a group of barrows on the west edge of Yearsley
Moor.
The eastern barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 1m high. It is oval
in shape and measures 21m by 19m. The second barrow lies 15m to the west and
has a mound 1.5m high. It is round in shape and measures 20m in diameter.
There is a hollow in the centre of the mound 4m across resulting from
excavations in antiquity. The third barrow lies immediatly to the west and has
an oval mound 22m east to west by 15m north to south and is 1m high. The
western barrow is round in shape and has a mound 10m in diameter and 0.6m
high. All of the barrow mounds were each surrounded by a quarry ditch up to
3m wide which has become filled in over the years and is no longer visible
as an earthwork.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

These barrows have survived well and so significant information about the
structure of the mounds, the surrounding ditch and the burials will be
preserved. The monument is one of a closely associated group of barrows in the
vicinity. Similar groups of monuments are also known across the region and
offer important scope for the study of burial practice in different
geographical areas in the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
McElvaney, M, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1994)
McElvaney, M, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1994)

Source: Historic England

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